6th December 2023

For 10 days, Ukrainian marines fought road by road and home by home to recapture the southeastern village of Staromaiorske, navigating artillery fireplace, airstrikes and a whole bunch of Russian troops.

The Russians put up a ferocious protection however that ended on Thursday after they folded and the Ukrainians claimed victory. “Some ran away, some have been left behind,” mentioned an assault commander from Ukraine’s 35th Marine Brigade, who makes use of the decision signal Dikyi, which suggests Wild. “We have been taking captives,” he added.

The recapture of Staromaiorske, a small village that’s nonetheless crucial to Ukraine’s southern technique, was such a welcome growth for Ukraine that President Volodymyr Zelensky introduced it himself.

The counteroffensive has largely been a brutal lesson for Ukrainian troops, who’ve struggled to grab again territory throughout the southern area of Zaporizhzhia. In two months, Ukrainian troops have superior lower than 10 miles at any level alongside the area’s 100-mile entrance.

Victories, just like the one at Staromaiorske, symbolize a possible breakthrough in the fighting, Ukrainian officers mentioned, maybe opening the way in which for a broader push by their nation’s forces.

Ukraine is focused on two main southward thrusts, with the purpose of reducing off Russian resupply routes. One line of assault goes by way of Staromaiorske towards town of Berdiansk on the Azov Sea, and one other, farther west, towards town of Melitopol.

Each cities command strategic transit routes for Russian forces occupying southern Ukraine and Crimea.

For weeks, Ukrainian artillery and long-range missiles have been pounding Russian provide strains and rear bases in an effort to interrupt their operational functionality and undermine Russian morale.

Rockets fired from an American-made HIMARS cell launcher shock drivers on nation roads close to the entrance line as Ukrainian models assault targets deep behind Russian strains.

Because the Ukrainian forces deploy Western-supplied weapons, the Russian troops are making use of lethal new ways and weapons of their very own, together with assault drones and remote-detonated mines.

In Staromaiorske, Russian troopers dug bunkers beneath the village’s homes with a number of exits so a home would erupt like an anthill when beneath assault, mentioned Dikyi, the Ukrainian commander. He misplaced one in every of his finest males, a 27-year-old known as Vyacheslav, who used the decision signal Bandit, in an assault on such a home, he mentioned.

The important thing to the Ukrainian success within the village, he mentioned, was sporting down the Russian troopers’ will to struggle. The primary signal of the Russian collapse was when 20 troopers deserted their place after complaining that reinforcements had did not arrive, he mentioned.

From intercepts of Russian communications and interrogations of prisoners, the Ukrainian forces knew that their opponents have been taking casualties and that some have been refusing to struggle.

“They have been panicking,” Dikyi mentioned. The Ukrainians redoubled their assault with a frontal assault with two battalions alongside 4 streets.

As officers celebrated Ukraine’s progress in Staromaiorske, troops elsewhere on the bottom mentioned that Russian defenses and firepower remained formidable and in locations impassable.

A soldier at a medical put up, awaiting evacuation for a concussion, just lately described how his battalion had been decimated when it got here beneath Russian artillery and tank fireplace. His brigade, the 23rd, was one in every of 9 newly shaped, Western-trained models ready and geared up for the counteroffensive. However the brigade, he mentioned, had been thrown into the struggle with out enough artillery help and had been unable to defend themselves towards Russian firepower.

In a single battle by which his unit took half, Ukrainian troopers attacked in 10 American-made MaxxPro armored automobiles, however just one got here again, he mentioned. He confirmed pictures of the broken automobiles, ripped open and burned out, which he mentioned had been hauled again to a restore base. The soldier declined to present his identify for worry of entering into hassle together with his superiors.

“They have been hit by anti-tank fireplace,” he mentioned. “They hit them they usually stored hitting. They have been burned out. The blokes didn’t survive.”

Later, as they sheltered in a captured Russian bunker, his unit got here beneath assault by mortar fireplace and grenade launchers, he mentioned. Moments earlier than the bunker was destroyed by a Russian tank, he added, his unit escaped.

“If we had stayed 10 minutes longer, we might not be alive,” he mentioned.

The soldier misplaced a 22-year-old good friend, Stas, within the shelling the day earlier than, he mentioned, including that in simply over a month, his battalion had suffered so many useless and wounded that solely 10 males remained on the entrance line.

One other soldier, who joined up final yr and requested to be recognized solely by his first identify, Oleksiy, mentioned that his unit had taken heavy losses as Russian troops directed artillery fireplace and aerial bombs onto their positions.

“We have been shot like on a capturing vary,” he mentioned. “A drone was flying above us and correcting the artillery fireplace.” Their positions have been in former Russian positions, hemmed in by minefields, he mentioned, and the Russian forces have been capable of maintain them pinned down and beneath fixed drone surveillance.

Troopers have been working out of ammunition and water however may solely sneak out and in of their positions in ones or twos, on foot, when the sunshine was poor simply earlier than daybreak and at nightfall, he mentioned.

The Ukrainian troops, Oleksiy added, have been unable to suppress the Russian firepower. “At first we had artillery help, after which we ran out,” he mentioned. “We want extra weapons,” he added.

“If the troops knew we had a great provide and coordinated help from behind, we might take extra territory.”

Interviews with Ukrainian troopers and a evaluate of army surveillance footage from a current assault point out that many Ukrainian models are sustaining heavy losses.

A bunch with particular operations coaching, deployed final month to storm Russian positions in a village on the western a part of the entrance, took such heavy casualties in 4 days of assaults that they needed to pull out with out success.

After their armored automobiles have been largely destroyed by artillery strikes on the primary day, they revised their plan to strategy the village on foot by way of a tree line that had been mined. The Ukrainians cleared a slender path with demining explosives and the primary troopers reached the Russian positions and dropped down right into a trench.

Drone footage of the occasion confirmed what occurred subsequent. Explosions instantly detonated contained in the trenches and different strikes hit troopers on the sting of the tree line. The video footage has been verified by The New York Occasions.

“The trenches have been mined,” mentioned the assault commander, who makes use of the decision signal Voskres, brief for Resurrection. “Our guys began leaping within the trenches and blowing up,” he added. The Russian forces have been watching, they usually remotely detonated the mines, he mentioned.

Those that managed to keep away from the mines got here beneath assault from a number of Russian kamikaze drones. “It appeared like they’d a drone for every individual,” he mentioned. “The quantity of kit the Russians have, had we recognized, it was like mission not possible.”

A number of weeks later, the village stays in Russian fingers.

Oleksandr Chubko contributed reporting.

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